The name "Limia" is derived from the latin word "Limus", which means mud. Referring to the feeding habits of these fish.
Most limias originate from Central America and occur in fresh and brackish waters with an average hardness of 20 - 40 dH. So, if one is to combine limias with other fish be sure those other fish withstand the hardness which limias need in a biotope. Limias are considered being good algae eaters (even the rigid algae).
In general, they're peaceful and will hardly chase their fry.
Below we have a black-barred limia or also known as humpbacked limia (limia nigrofasciata). This livebearer is found in brackish, shallow waters in Haiti and the Dominican republic. They size up to approximately 6,5cm. It's a very friendly fish and quite hardy as well.
Above: An adult couple (photo left) → (♀) left, (♂) right. And a small group of adult Limia nigrofaciata (photo right)
When the male ages the hump on his back will become larger...
They don't tend to have a large number of fry in general.
This species is also known as Cuban limia.
These limias originates from Cuba and occur in mangrove swamps, coastal lagoons, steams, lakes and estuaries. And they inhabit both freshwater and brackish water. With a margin of 18°C - 26°C water temperature they are happy fish. And it's a friendly fish by any means as well... so, it would make a good tank mate to other friendly fish.
They're grayish with silver sides and a white belly. They've got a fishnet pattern on their sides covered with black speckles. A certain amount will show some bronze and yellow markings as well. Black markings on clear fins do occur with both genders but males do tend to have more fin markings. Males size up from 4cm to 8cm and females from 5cm to 10cm. So, also with this strain, the females tend to get a bit larger.
Above: An adult female (photo left) and an adult male (photo right)
After 4 - 6 weeks of gestation, 20 -100 fry will be born, depending on the size of the female. Note that these limias tend to reproduce themselves easier when salt is added to the tank.
This livebearer is also know as Black-bellied limia or Blackbelly limia and is originated from Haiti and Jamaica. On both islands they occur in the top layers of streams where the water rates fluctuate from 20°C - 30°C. The name "Black belly" refers to the remarkable large spot of the females. Males don't show that much black on their bellies till none.
Above: An adult female with the typical large gravid spot.
Right: An adult male.
It's a peaceful fish which breeds pretty easy. After a gestation of 6 - 8 weeks birth wil be given to approx. 10 - 30 fry.
Below: Limia melanogaster fry.
It's a brown-grayish bodied livebearer with vertical bars running over their bodies. Males tend to get darker and even a bit bluish when they get excited. They reach up to 7cm max (this goes for females, males will reach up to 5cm).
This livebearer is also known as Perugia's limia and is to be found in streams in the Dominican republic. It's a limia with a lot more metallic shimmer unlike most limias. When the light shines on their bodies, a spectrum of blue and green pops up. Some also have an orange shine in their caudal fin. While females have hardly some marking till none in their dorsal fins, the males have black markings in their dorsals.
Above: Some fry of the Limia perugiae swimming in the open (photo right).
Another difference between male and female is that males tend to get a hump on their back when they age. Just like the Limia vittata, Limia perugiae are considered being the bigger sized limia strains.
But not all males will become giants. Those who will become larger sized are the dominant males. Also a darker coloration is at hand with dominant males. Having multiple males in one group doesn't mean war in the tank. The smaller males will hardly get a chance to mate with the females. In general that will be the job of the dominant males.
Above: An adult male (photo left) and an adult female (photo right).
When the light hits the scales, a beautiful blue shimmer will appear.
This livebearer is originated from Haiti and the Dominican republic.
It's one of the smaller limias there is and a bit more bright colored. The upper part of the body shows vertical bars and a big part of the dorsal is orange or yellowish. It does have a blue shimmer on its body.
Both genders size up to approx. 4cm.
The problem with these limias is that they will show their gender pretty late. So, it might be that a female looking specimen will show the male characteristics when it's already at an adult size. And be aware that also females of this limia species won't show a gravid spot.
Above: An adult female (photo left) and an adult male (photo right).
A dominant male will also show an orange chest as shown above (photo right).
Back in 2015, a single blonde female was born. A natural mutation within the colony of Limia tridens. This is quite rare.
Above: A colony of Limia tridens at the Berliner zoo., Germany.
Limia sp. Tiger (nowadays Limia islai)
A limia strain which is also occurring in Lake Mirgoane on south-western Haiti on Hispaniola just like Limia nigrofasciata and Limia garnieri is the tiger limia (Limia sp. Tiger).
It does resemble both L.nigrofasciata and L.garnieri in appearance. But the tiger limia is smaller and once it matures you are able to see the difference in shape in comparison to his two relatives. Unlike its relative L.nigrofasciata, the males of the tiger limias won't get a hump as the male of the L.nigrofasciata.
Above: An adult male (left) and an adult female (right).
Ever since the beginning of the year 2020 the tiger limia was renamed into Limia islai.